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Illnesses of Snail

Each living being is exposed to the influence of external factors. Snails can also fall ill. As a result they become faded and refuse from food and extract too thick slime. They can become the victims of:

  • mites
  • parasitesillnesses-of-snail
  • eelworm, trematodas (snail worms)
  • bacteria
  • fungus

There are mechanical damages, depending on the habitats and care:

  • injuring
  • intoxication
  • overcooling
  • heat stroke
  • shell damage
  • tumor
  • exfoliation of shell from body.

 

Mollusks are the transmitters of all kinds of parasitic organisms. Under the wrong conditions of content, and breeding, you can ruin the entire population. If you do not want to see the death of the snail, it is necessary to follow some precaution. Whatever it is, let’s look at the most common variants of grape snail diseases

Snail worms

illnesses-of-snailCan occur through several ways. They can be brought by transition from the soil or by means of infecting through new pets.  Worms can appear in several ways, namely, through transfer from the ground or by entering through new non-quarantined pets. The consequences can be the most dangerous: infection of the whole soil, disease of mollusks, and infection of a person. Symptoms of infection are: lethargy, lack of appetite, slow growth, and visual detection. You can cure a sick snail. To do this, it must be isolated from the rest of the herd. You can put in the fodder crumbled pumpkin seeds, cucumbers, tansy, dried chamomile, brewer’s yeast, and aloe in the form of juice added to the water. If possible, bathe snails in a steep chamomile broth. Veterinary preparations can be toxic, so optimal treatment is the use of collecting herbs mixed with beer in gruel. Quarantine should not be stopped until complete recovery.

Bacteria, viruses, fungus

illnesses-of-snailPseudomonas aeruginosa, shell fungus and mould. These illnesses are deadly dangerous for snails, in most cases leading to the death of a mollusk, because it is very difficult to notice externally infected animal. To prevent infection (viruses, bacteria, fungi) it is necessary to disinfect. Everything that comes in contact with individuals, such as soil, food, room, neighbors, must be cleansed. It can be done with solutions of chlorhexidine 0.01%, potassium permanganate, furacilin, streptomycin. Treatment of the surfaces is being carried out at the temperature 220C for 2-3 minutes.

 

Mites, fruit blackflies, bugs and water bugs

These insects can penetrate into the habitats of snails for a wide range of reasons:

  • infected soil
  • rotten food
  • sour fruits
  • infected individual that did not pass quarantine.

 

The first thing to do is to treat everything with an aerosol containing pesticides from mites and parasites. The next step is a complete change of soil, general cleaning in the habitat, disinfection of all mollusks, and quarantine until complete recovery.

Affect of temperatures

illnesses-of-snailSince these animals are cold-blooded means, they are unable to produce heat. Therefore, they can only get a burn or hypothermia due to the fault of the host: heating lamps are too close, absence of temperature control, direct sunlight, cold room and too high humidity. The most dangerous form of exposure in this list is direct sunlight. An animal should always be able to hide under the leaves or into the ground. With a slight decrease in temperature, the mollusk will be safe, but if the jump is unexpected and too significant, the pet can freeze. Whatever happens, one has to carefully monitor the lives of the snails.

 

Intoxication

Sugar, salt and caffeine are deadly to the gastropods. Medications also lead to the death of the animal. Household chemicals left after cleaning the room, leads to death in 97% of cases. Therefore, thoroughly rinse all surfaces before rinsing them with boiling water, rinse the food before feeding, monitor the amount of salt in the food, chemical components and fertilizers in the feed, discard hormonal growth preparations and fertilizers.

Injuring

Falling from the height, pressure and too dense location can lead to the shell damage. In case the piece of shell has split from the body, the snail can be provided with help. Namely, one can debride the wound with epoxy. It is absolutely safe for the shell; however, it is necessary to prevent its contact with the snail body, as it can result in intoxication with the chemicals, contained in the epoxy.

Tumors, strumas

The reasons for their occurrence are:

  • toxic plastic, where the snails live. Be careful when choosing the container for the animals.
  • They remain the food and penetrate into the habitat. Please, carefully choose the soil.

lamination. It happens because of genetic problems, caused by cancirogenes, shell fungi and bacteria. Regeneration is easy in young animals and almost impossible in old species.

 

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